Menopause is a normal and explainable stage of life for all women related to aging. It is a transitional stage that signals about the end of the reproductive life and informs about certain hormonal changes in the body. Menopause doesn’t happen overnight, the process is gradual and may take for a couple of years between the initial manifestations and the end of regular menstrual bleedings.
Menopause happens when the predefined number of eggs stored in ovaries is reduced up to full depletion. Usually, women approach this stage when they are about 51 years old, but in some cases, menopause can happen in the late 30ies or 40ies. The timeframe depends on individual body characteristics, health, hormonal levels, medical background, and genetics.
Female ovaries produce the hormone estrogen, which is primarily responsible for period, ovulation and many other processes in the body. During the menopause, the estrogen levels drop, and while the egg supply is almost depleted, the women start having menstrual cycles with no ovulation and then skip menstrual periods. Menopause the specified, when women have no periods for 12 months in a row.
Natural vs. Surgical Menopause
The gynecologists can divide menopause among women in natural and surgical. Natural menopause occurs with age as the finite cessation of menstrual bleedings, which isn’t caused by surgical interventions or medical treatment.
On the contrary, surgical menopause takes place when both ovaries are removed. While they stop producing estrogen and testosterone, women may require hormonal substitute treatment to keep their wellbeing and sexual desire. Otherwise, in women with surgical menopause, the menopausal symptoms are more noticeable and may bring a significant level of inconvenience.